Facial paralysis involves a loss of voluntary movement of the muscles and nerves in the face. If you suffer from this condition, you may not be able to move your eyebrows, lips, or other muscles on your face. Facial paralysis can affect your ability to smile and your overall appearance. If you or someone you love has this condition, the Johns Hopkins team of experts can help you restore facial muscle balance, symmetry, movement, and smile.
Surgical Techniques To Effectively Treat All Phases Of Facial Paralysis:
Muscle transfer: This technique involves the transfer of muscles from one part of the body to another — usually from the face, neck, or leg — toward the face. Some of the muscles and associated tendons that are frequently transferred are the temporal, digastric, and gracile (gracillis).
The nerve graft: This technique includes the transfer of nerves from different parts of the body to the face to ensure that you can have greater movement — and even sensitivity — in the face, which will allow you to have better control of your facial muscles. These may include the masseteric nerve graft, a crossover nerve graft, and the hypoglossal nerve graft to the facial nerve.
Eyebrow and Eyelid Repair: If you have a droopy eyelid so severe that it clouds your visual field, our surgeons can relocate it to repair your eye's function and appearance. If you can't blink, or have a hard time blinking, they can insert a small platinum chain into your eyelid so you can close and protect your eye. They can also do a nerve graft to regain the eye's sensitivity, and it can be protected.